Update 9:37 AM: by popular request here is some information:
First illustration of Saint Thomas More, who took no public stand against king Henry VIII, but his refusal to recognize Henry publicly as head of the English Church was enough to condemn him in the king’s eyes.
Second and third are Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth I. While Queen Elizabeth executed thousands of Catholics, much more than the 277 Protestants Mary had executed, Elizabeth is remembered as “Good Queen Bess” while Mary has gone down in history with the unflattering name, “Bloody Mary.”
Third is Mary Queen of Scots who came to England to ask her cousin Elizabeth's protection, and was sent to the Tower of London instead, and eventually, as you can see, beheaded.